Market Sell-Offs: 3 Facts Every Investor Needs to Know

Market Sell-Offs: 3 Facts Every Investor Needs to Know

Welcome to reality.

Stocks’ continual ascent since March 2009 seduced many investors into believing a fantasy: Stocks are low-risk, low-volatility investments. Plunging sell-offs are the province of a distant future.

It was never true, as events of the past week have proven. Plunging market sell-offs will occur, usually when least expected. That’s reality.

The good news is that a proper perspective proves that reality isn’t to be feared.

The Dow’s Plunge Is a Piker

The Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 1,175 points on Monday. This was the largest single-day drop in Dow history. Many media outlets exploited the fact. The word “historical” peppered the headlines.

Technically, the Dow’s drop was historical. The Dow had never dropped by that large a number. We have more to the story of market sell-offs, though.

The 1,175 points was a numerator that’s meaningless without an accompanying denominator. The denominator was the Dow’s closing price the day before. The denominator was 25,500. The percentage decline attributable to the 1,175 points was 4.6%.

When we focus on the percentage, we find that 4.6% is far from historical. It barely registers as a shrug. A 4.6% decline fails to break into the top-20 percentage declines in Dow history.

Here’s another dose of reality: The Dow declined 12.8% on Oct. 28, 1929. It declined 22.6% on Oct. 19, 1987. The largest recent percentage decline occurred on Dec. 1, 2008, when the Dow declined 7.9%.

Yes, the Dow’s decline was the largest in absolute numbers. It was hardly a plunge; I offer no more than a shrug.

The Bias Is Up

For argument’s sake, let’s say that the market sell-offs snowball into a bear market (which I’m unconvinced it will). What should we expect?

Morningstar data tell us that the average bear market lasts 18 months. It produces an average 40% drop in the S&P 500.

Bear markets can be punishing, to be sure. Forty percent isn’t a trifle.

The S&P 500 dropped 43% during the bearing beginning late 2000 following the bull-market highs set in March 2000. Those highs weren’t seen for another seven years, until 2007.

Another bear market hit in December 2007. The S&P 500 lost 56% of its value by March 2009. The highs seen in late 2007 weren’t seen until March 2013.

But not all bear markets are punishing. A few have been fleeting.

The S&P 500 lost 33.4% in the bear market of late 1987. The bear’s appearance was brief. The S&P was setting new highs less than two years later.

A market correction — a drop of 16.9% — hit the S&P 500 in the summer of 1990. Again, we find a quick turnaround: The S&P 500 was setting new highs six months later. The S&P 500 would quadruple in value over the subsequent decade.

Over the past 100 years, bear markets have averaged 18 months, but bull markets have averaged 97 months. The bias for the stock market is up. A glance at a long-term chart of the S&P 500 will confirm the bias.

Market Sell-Offs: Long-Term Advantage

The initial impulse is to fold ‘em and leave. When stocks start rolling over,  investors start placing sell orders.

If you’re an investor — as opposed to a trader — and measure your investing horizon in years, resist the impulse to sell. You will survive the bear market, whether it’s fleeting or punishing.

Wharton School finance professor analyzed stock-market data collected back to 1871. The data show that 9.6% was the median 30-year average annual return over the past 146 years. Similar returns are seen for 20 years. Even the 15-year period is encouraging. No loss has been recorded.

So, if you’re a long-term investor — and an income investor, in particular — it’s best to kick back and wait for the turnaround.

I offer another reason to kick back and wait: You reduce the risk of missing the “big pop” days.

Data compiled and analyzed by Index Fund Advisors show that big gains — the wealth-changing gains — are frequently concentrated in just a few days. If you miss even a couple of the “big pops,” your returns take a pounding.


How To Prune Your Fruit Trees

How To Prune Your Fruit Trees

Now is the best time to prune your fruit trees and here is how to do it in three simple steps.

Within a few years of lovingly planting fruit trees, most folks find themselves with scraggly overgrown bushes, rather than the Garden of Eden they had envisioned. The key to keeping fruit trees attractive and productive is annual pruning.

Worry not, pruning is not the brain surgery it has been made out to be. Curmudgeonly Master Gardener types may tell you that different fruits are pruned in different ways, which is true to an extent, but there is a simple three-step process that works for the vast majority of fruit trees.

Outside of the tropics, most of us are dealing with pome fruits (apples, pears and quince) or stone fruits (peaches, cherries, apricots, plums — anything with a pit). This three-step method works for both.

Though summer pruning is not harmful to the trees, winter makes things easier. Without the tree’s foliage, you can really see what you are doing.


Start by pruning away any wood that is dead, damaged or diseased—a.k.a. the three D’s.

Are sprouts coming from the base of the trunk? If so, remove them — technically they’re called ‘suckers’ and they originate from the rootstock rather than the fruiting variety grafted on top.

How about suspiciously straight sprouts growing from some of the main branches? These erect, perfectly vertical branches, or “watersprouts,” — should be removed as well.

With all these clean-up cuts, it’s important to prune the branches back flush to the larger limb they’re growing from — don’t leave little stubs.



The goal of thinning is to allow light and air into the canopy, which boosts fruit production and reduces problems with pests and disease.

First, remove any branches that grow downward, toward the center of the tree or that cross paths with another branch.

Once these are out of the way, stand back and take a look. The goal is to have evenly spaced branches splaying out in a pleasing, fractal-like pattern from the center.

Do you see places where multiple branches compete with each other? You might find two or more growing from a single crotch at a narrow angle, for example, or from different points but in a parallel fashion, one hovering over the other.

If so, thin out all but one branch, retaining the branch with the healthiest appearance and best crotch angle (roughly the 2 o’clock or 10 o’clock angle from the center of the tree). Wider angles can break when laden with fruit and narrower angles lead to bushy growth and fruit that is too high to pick.

Next, continue to thin the tree until there is a good 6 to 12 inches of air space around every branch. The smaller the branches are, the closer they can be to each other.

As with your clean-up cuts, all thinning cuts should be made flush to the branch.



The last step is the easiest — you’re basically giving the tree a haircut.

The idea is to prune back the outermost growth of the tree so the branches become shorter and thicker as they grow, rather than long and gangly. This keeps them from snapping under the weight of the fruit, but pomologists (fruit scientists) will tell you that it also causes the tree’s hormones to activate growth lower in the canopy, making for smaller, more fruitful trees.

Heading back the tree means cutting off 20 to 30 percent of last year’s growth. You can distinguish last year’s growth from two-year-old growth by the wrinkly ring of bark encircling each stem. Depending on the vigor of the tree, this may be anywhere from two inches to 4 feet back from the tip of each branch.

Unlike the previous steps, these cuts will be made part way into each branch. Exactly where you make the cut is important, too. Prune each branch back to a point one-quarter inch above a bud that faces the direction you want that branch to grow in the coming year. If there is another branch close by on the left, for example, prune back to a bud on the right side of the branch.



  • Sharp shears make for clean, easy cuts — if you don’t know how to sharpen your own, many neighborhood hardware stores often offer the service for a small fee
  • As a measure of disease prevention, dip the blades of your pruning shears in solution of isopropyl alcohol for 30 seconds to disinfect them before moving on to prune another tree
  • Clean up the pruned wood from around the tree and dispose — especially if it contains any diseased material

Author,Brian Barth formerly lived in America’s fruit basket, aka California, where he ran an edible landscape design company, but moonlighted each winter as a fruit tree pruner.

What’s the Point of Being Alive?

What’s the Point of Being Alive?

“There is but one truly serious philosophical problem and that is suicide.”

That’s how Albert Camus begins his essay The Myth of Sisyphus, in which he takes it on himself to question the meaning of existence and the incentives we have for staying alive.

Like many before him, he was skeptical of a purely objective view of reality. He didn’t buy into the idea of a preordained purpose. Nor did he think that the answer was obvious.

After all, there is a lot that doesn’t make sense about life, and this lack of orientation isn’t always pleasant. In fact, quite often, it involves pain, confusion, and sustained difficulty.

Camus goes on to talk about all of this at length, and he eventually answers the question.

At the end of the essay, he frames his conclusion into the story of Sisyphus. A character in Greek mythology who disobeyed the Gods and was punished to pointlessly roll a boulder up a hill for eternity, only to watch it fall right back down, forcing him to repeat the task.

“It is during that return, that pause, that Sisyphus interests me… I see that man going back down with a heavy yet measured step toward the torment of which he will never know the end… At each of those moments when he leaves the heights and gradually sinks toward the lairs of the gods, he is superior to his fate. He is stronger than his rock…

One always finds one’s burden again. But Sisyphus teaches the higher fidelity that negates the gods and raises rocks. He too concludes that all is well. This universe henceforth without a master seems to him neither sterile nor futile. Each atom of that stone, each mineral flake of that night filled mountain, in itself forms a world. The struggle itself toward the heights is enough to fill a man’s heart. One must imagine Sisyphus happy.”

The Problem of Absurdity

The essay ends as shockingly as it began. How is it possible for Sisyphus to be happy?

Before we answer that, we have to first introduce the problem that Camus was trying to solve. It’s one that takes shape in different forms in every life that has ever been lived.

The absurd condition is a product of us trying to reason with an unreasonable world. It occurs when our rational and sensible ideas about what we want out of life collide with the cold indifference of an unsympathetic world that doesn’t concern itself with any one person.

Many of us would like to work jobs that ignite our imagination every day, but instead, we’re stuck doing repetitive chores so we can pay the bills and keep doing more of the same.

A lot of us would like a reasonable shot at contentment and fulfillment, but due to things mostly outside of our control, we are instead forced to deal with disorientation and confusion.

Our expectations aren’t unreasonable, and much of the time, nor do they fall outside of the realm of possibility. Yet, due to factors larger than any one of us, we have to settle.

There are two obvious solutions. The first is to abandon our reasonable expectations, and the second is to pretend that the world isn’t unreasonable at all and that everything is fine.

These solutions to the predicament, however, don’t please Camus. Abandoning reason is what he calls “philosophical suicide,” and it’s at odds with the actual reality. Similarly, denying the unreasonability of the world is a form of acceptance that limits our experience.

Neither is the cause of Sisyphus’ happiness. His approach is based on a different viewpoint.

Revolt, Freedom, and Passion

This again brings us to Camus’ initial question. Why endure when there is a way out?

Well, if we have decided that we can’t abandon reason, then suicide doesn’t make sense because it would mean accepting the fruitlessness of the situation without pushing back.

To Camus, the real solution is a combination of revolt, freedom, and passion, and that is the cause of Sisyphus’ happiness in spite of the absurdity of his situation. It’s why he endures.

Firstly, he has no illusion as to the pointlessness and difficulty of his circumstances. Yet, he goes back down the hill to keep pushing the boulder up again. This is a form of revolt against his situation, and it gives him power over the absurdity that he can’t beat any other way.

Secondly, he doesn’t pretend to gain any sort of eternal freedom from the unreasonableness of the world over the long term, but his choices and his reactions can give him freedom here and right now. Ultimately, that’s the only freedom that matters. It’s what makes life worth living.

Finally, he is clear on the fact that the purpose of life isn’t to live as good and comfortable as possible, but it’s to live as much as possible. It’s to have a zest and a passion for your experience no matter what it brings you, and this isn’t at all dependent on the world but on each of us.

With each push, Sisyphus revolts and gains power over his situation. With each decision, he earns the freedom of that moment. With each breath, he retains the livelihood with passion.

No matter how difficult the challenge, and no matter how steep the hill, we’re all gifted the strength of these three weapons, and we can call on them in almost any circumstance.

Because, as Sisyphus shows, most situations have solutions that make life worth enduring.

All You Need to Know

Albert Camus became the second youngest winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1957.

While he passed away a few years later, the work he left behind continues to be talked about today. His stories were simple but profound. The characters were complex but human.

Although he was very careful about not labeling himself a philosopher, his impact on 20th century thinking can’t be understated. The Myth of Sisyphus is a revolutionary piece of work.

He never shied away from asking the big questions, and nor was he hesitant to provide the answers. By all evidence, it appears that he lived his own life in line with what he preached.

The absurdity of life is present in each one of our stories. It can arise as easily in our personal lives as it can in the broader ecosystem that we are a part of. Escaping it is not the solution. The world will continue as it does, and evading reason itself is unreasonable.

Rather, the way to deal with it is with radical acceptance. It’s by engaging in a permanent revolt. It’s by treasuring the freedom of the present moment. It’s by injecting life with passion.

A life without the absurd would also be a life without any subjective meaning. Happiness and fulfillment are deeply intervened in the different moments of difficulty, pain, and challenge.

Sisyphus is happy not in spite of his struggle, but because of the opportunity that it presents.

1957 Chevrolet 265 V8

1957 Chevrolet 265 V8

I like many others believed that the 1957 Chevrolet 265 V8 was not actually made for the 1957 model year,that they were left over 1956 265’s witch had a casting number of 3720991,but after much research,I find this is not true,Chevy did make the 265 v8 for 1957 cars and trucks the block casting 3731548 was used for both displacements in 57.

My guess is since they already had the molds for the smaller bore 265,they could of simply changed the casting number on the 265 molds to the new 283 casting number 3731548,The the 265 block had a poorer oiling system,but that could be easily fixed by slotting the block oil passage under the rear cam bearing ,and using the new 283 rear cam bearing,then the 265 could use the 283 distributor and cam.

All 1955 V8 motors are CHEVY ORANGE with BLACK valve cover stencils. All 1956 V8 motors are CHEVY RED, with BLACK valve stencils. A few EARLY 1957 265 V8 engines (standard transmission ONLY) were painted chartreuse (lime green) by Chevrolet, and they had BLACK stencils on the valve covers. After about November 1956, all 265 engines were CHEVY ORANGE (as are the 283 motors), and the valve cover scripts were SILVER.1957 Chevrolet 265 V8


The 1957 265 V8 was advertised as the economical low cost V8 available with only a two barrel carburetor standard transmission,in either a three speed,three speed with overdrive on the column or four speed on the floor,and the funny part,this 265 was only offered as an extra cost option,vs the standard 283 V8


1955 265 V8 Chevy Engine

1955 265 V8 Chevy Engine

Anyone who is a Chevrolet fan loves the iconic small-block  ChevyV8 engine. But few of us know why and how this mechanical wonder came about. When Ed Cole took over as chief engineer at Chevrolet, he knew that in order to change Chevrolet’s image from grocery getter to high performance hot rod he would need a V8 engine.Chevrolet 265 economical v8

Before Cole started with Chevrolet, Ed Kelly had worked to develop a V6 and a 231 cubic-inch V8. But, Cole rejected both engines knowing he could design something better; more durable, faster, inexpensive and easy to operate. With vision, determination and hard work, he did just that.

There was intense pressure from GM chairman of the board Alfred P. Sloan to begin developing a V8 engine– primarily to save the Corvette. The car was in danger of being dropped due to lack of sales. Only 700 Corvettes were produced in 1955. Buyers were looking for more power than the 150 horsepower Blue Flame inline 235ci 6-cylinder could produce. Cole knew that Chevrolet had already tried to develop a V8 engine in 1917 (with disastrous results), so he knew he only had one shot to get it right.

With growing pressure from management, when all developmental phases were put in place, Cole had 15 weeks to design an all-new V8 engine for the 1955 line. With help from motor engineer Harry Barr, Cole released his engine for tooling straight from the drawing board.

Ed Cole created a masterpiece with several outstanding features that made the 1955 265 V8 not only ground breaking, but incredibly innovative. First, a lack of a common rocker shaft– each rocker arm was independent from each other. The intake manifold provided a common cooling source for both cylinder heads– which were sand-cast with integrated valve guides. Hollow pushrods allowed for better oiling to the upper end.

The crankshaft was made from press-forged steel and held in place with five main bearings of equal diameter. This crankshaft was designed so precisely that when tested, a torsional chart showed very low peaks. Adding a harmonic dampener on the front of the crankshaft eliminated any remaining crankshaft torsional vibration. To add to the success of the new 265ciV8, it was 41 pounds lighter than the under powered six-cylinder engine.

Another first that was developed to coincide with the 265 V8 was a new 12-volt electrical system that could provide brighter head and taillights, better starter operation, and increased ignition coil voltage for stronger spark to the V8 engines plugs.

As time and development moved on, to 1957, the wonderful 265 V8 was being phased out ( but still an option) and replaced by the bigger,and highly optioned 283 V8 engine. For all the innovations that were incorporated into the 265, because of limited time and rushing from drawing board straight to tooling, there was one major oversight,carried over from the 235 six.

The early production 265 was produced with no in block oil filter.This sent engineers back to the drawing board for a quick and simple solution. engineers developed an add-on oil filter canister that bolted between the intake manifold and thermostat housing. This circulated oil from the block, into the filter canister and back into the engine by using copper tubing and brass fittings in the engine block and intake manifold.

The next time you crack the throttle on your small-block and hear the grumble and rumble from the exhaust, stop for a moment and thank Ed Cole for giving us something to love and make our own by adding all the parts our hearts and pocket books desire. Oh yeah, don’t forget about the one that started it all– the 265 V8 paved the way for all other small and big-block engines, including modern LT and LS generation engines. Remember, it’s not always the size of the dog in the fight; it’s the size of the fight in the dog that comes out on top!


Microsoft Xbox History

Microsoft Xbox History

The original Microsoft Xbox was released on November 15, 2001 in North America, February 22, 2002 in Japan, and March 14, 2002 in Australia and Europe. It was Microsoft’s first foray into the gaming console market.

Microsoft Xbox History

As part of the sixth-generation of gaming, the Xbox competed with Sony‘s PlayStation 2Sega‘s Dreamcast (which stopped American sales before the Xbox went on sale), and Nintendo‘s GameCube.

The Xbox was the first console offered by an American company after the Atari Jaguar stopped sales in 1996. The name Xbox was derived from a contraction of DirectX Box, a reference to Microsoft’s graphics APIDirectX.

The integrated Xbox Live service launched in November 2002 allowed players to play games online with or without a broadband connection, It first competed with Dreamcast’s online service but later primarily competed with PlayStation 2’s online service.

Although these two are free while Xbox Live required a subscription, as well as broadband-only connection which was not completely adopted yet, Xbox Live was a success due to better servers, features such as a buddy list, and milestone titles like Halo 2 released in November 2004, which is the best-selling Xbox video game and was by far the most popular online game for years.

Automotive Restoration Plan for Success

Automotive Restoration Plan for Success

By Mark Simpson

A loud groan from the car trailer’s suspension broke the silence as we winched the old Ford truck aboard. The old pickup was once Ralph’s dream, as thoughts of driving his family around the neighborhood or in the local Fourth of July parade fueled his passion. But, like so many other unfinished projects I’ve bought over the years, Ralph’s dream failed to become reality when a lack of resources and knowledge stalled the project.Plan for Success

As years passed, his patience and persistence for the project diminished and soon the old truck merely reminded him of the space it took up in the garage.

I’ve always believed that for every car in attendance at the local car show there are at least a dozen more sitting in garages, sheds, and fields. Truth be told, many car projects suffer the same fate as Ralph’s, although with a little planning and honest personal assessment prior to purchasing a new project, many more dreams could become reality.

The scenario always plays out similarly. It starts with the proverbial “great deal.” You know, the $500 Chevelle that’s only a little rusty, or Grandpa’s Buick behind the barn that’s only missing a few parts. Before laying down your hard earned cash for that “great deal,” take a moment to consider what needs to be done and whether you have the skills, time, and resources to get the job done. The time and cost to complete a car can escalate quickly. Rare parts, replacement panels, and unforeseen problems can all take the steam out of your progress if you’re not prepared.

Ask questions before you buy! Not only from the seller, but from other car enthusiasts as well. There are many cars that have unique problems or simply have parts that are unavailable. Knowing what to expect and how to deal with it before you purchase will help keep your project on track.

Once the decision is made to buy, planning the progress of the build is key to ensuring a successful completion. Keep your expenses within budget and your progress expectations conservative, while leaving ample time to spend with friends and family. When all is said and done, you’ll want them to enjoy your new ride as much as you do.

A friend and fellow enthusiast once told me, “Nothing happens in the garage after nine o’clock that can’t wait until tomorrow.” His message was clear as it related to cars and life alike: it’s not so important how quickly you get to the end, but rather that you enjoyed the journey.

History of the 1955-1959 Chevrolet Trucks

History of the 1955-1959 Chevrolet Trucks

Chevrolet’s Task Force trucks debuted in March 1955 looking very much different than the 1955 first series advanced design pick up1955-chevrolet-pickup

Designed by Ned Jordan, these pickups featured a stylish wraparound windshield, hooded headlights, and an egg-crate grille, while the traditional pontoon-style fenders found on Advance-Design models (1947-55) were eliminated.

Like the “Hot One” on the automotive side of the fence, a Task Force half-ton pickup could also be fitted with Chevy’s new historic 265-cid overhead-valve V-8. The 235-cid six remained standard. Most notable among appearance updates through this series were quad headlights, introduced in 1958.

Also introduced in the spring of 1955 was the Cameo Carrier, Chevrolets first truly stylish pickup. Available only in Bombay Ivory with red cab accents, the ’55 Cameo featured a fiberglass-skinned cargo box.  Cameo production continued through 1958, with color choices appearing in 1956. Following in the Cameo’s tire tracks in 1958 was Chevy’s new Fleetside  quad light fat fendered pickup, another fashion-conscious model featuring cab-wide bedsides in steel.

This generation of Chevy 3100 trucks were the first no-excuses pickups from GM, thanks to all models having either the fully pressured oil system 235-cid six or the ubiquitous small-block 265 (55-56)and 283 (57-59) V-8 engine—with both coupled to an open driveshaft. 1954 and earilerTorque tubes were out, meaning owners who were seeking a taller or deeper rear axle (or any powertrain imaginable) could easily undertake an engine swap. Task Force trucks were made in much smaller numbers compared to the previous generation of “Advance Design” trucks, so fewer are available today.

Yellow Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower

Yellow Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower (Hibiscus brackenridgei) is the state flower of Hawaii. Hawaiian hibiscus is a moderately popular ornamental flower in Hawaii. Hawaiian hibiscus shrubs bear blooms almost every day, but the blossoms last only for a day even when on the bush.

Yellow Hawaiian Hibiscus Flower

Yellow Hibiscus in southern California by:Lindsey Hightower

The striking and beautiful yellow Hawaiian hibiscus is also known as the pua aloalo or ma’o hau hele in the Hawaiian language.

Although, the hibiscus (a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms) is associated with the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean and the plant family Malvaceae includes a variety of species that are native to the Hawaiian Islands, those flowers regularly observed are generally not the native hibiscus flowers.

The Hawaiian hibiscus flowers are full, conspicuously large and bright yellow with a prominent staminal tube surrounding the long and slender style. There are 2 subspecies in the Hawaiian hibiscus group. The yellow Hawaiian hibiscus flower that comes under this species is the official state flower of Hawaii.

The large Hawaiian hibiscus flowers are 4 to 6 inches in diameter. Hawaiian hibiscus are yellow, generally with a maroon center, and form singly or in small clusters at the ends of the branches.The staminal column of the Hawaiian hibiscus flowers is yellow, and the flowers open between 2 and 4 p.m. and close between 9 a.m. and 1 p.m.The Hawaiian hibiscus has become endangered in its natural habitat.

Facts About Hawaiian hibiscus
Hawaiian hibiscus shrub grows to a height of 3 to 15 feet tall with a diameter of 8 to 15 feet. Young Hawaiian hibiscus plants have smooth tan trunks; the trunks of older plants have a wrinkled appearance.
Hawaiian hibiscus flowers are found on all the main Hawaiian islands except Ni’ihau and Kaho’olawe, but the flowers are not common in any location.

Hawaii changed its state flower from the native red hibiscus (Hibiscus kokio),on June 6, 1988, to the Hawaiian hibiscus – ma’o hau hele, the only species of yellow hibiscus.
The leaves on Hawaiian hibiscus have toothed edges, 3, 5, or 7 lobes, and are up to 6 inches long and equally wide.

The seeds of Hawaiian hibiscus are contained in 3/8 to 3/4 inch oval capsules. The capsule is covered with soft hairs. It is dry and tan when mature and opens to release the seeds. The seeds are 1/8 inch long, kidney-shaped, and covered with fine hairs.

Hawaiian hibiscus flower plants can be grown from cuttings if rooting hormones are used.
Hawaiian hibiscus bloom from spring through early summer with occasional flowers during the rest of the year.

Angular-winged katydids

Angular-winged katydids get their name from the perceived sound they make. Their repetitive clicks and calls sounded like someone saying, “Ka-ty-did”, so the common name became that phrase. Both genders are capable of producing the sound. katydids are found throughout the world, in habitats ranging from tropical to temperate or arid environments. Angular winged katydids are found in temperate and arid regions of the southern United States.angular winged katydid

Physical Characteristics
Angular-winged katydids are 2-2.5 inches (5-6 cm) in length.Nymphs (juveniles) have spots or speckles of black on them and eventually mature to the complete green color.

They have chewing mouthparts, (which classifies them as an insect) and long slender antennae, and are light green in color. Adult katydids have two pairs of wings that are leaf-like in color and shape.

Life Span
About one year.

katydids lay their eggs on twigs in a single row, one slightly overlapping the egg before it. The eggs are flat, almost like small pumpkin seeds, and they may might not all be the same color.

In the wild: Angular-winged katydids typically eat the leaves from the tops of trees and bushes, where there may be fewer predators and less competition,including willow, rosewood and citrus trees . You can find them in parks, gardens, fields and woods. Adults are most active in summer and autumn, but in Florida, the warm weather allows them to remain active all year long.